Breyden Terms Defined
Denier: a unit of weight by which the fineness of silk, rayon, or nylon yarn is measured, equal to the weight in grams of 9,000 meters of the yarn and often used to describe the thickness of hosiery.
Braid: a cord or ribbon having usually three or more component strands forming a regular diagonal pattern down its length
Twist: defined as the spiral deposition of the components of a twist is the measure of the spiral turns given to a yarn in order to hold the constituent fibres or threads together.
Ply: plying is a process used to create a strong, balanced yarn. It is done by taking two or more strands of yarn that each have a twist to them and putting them together.
Coating: Materials applied to textiles enhancing their ability to be tied, increase abrasion resistance, increase fire resistance and prevent fraying.
Bobbin: Package produced with resin to hold textiles for various applications.
Tube: Straight flange package produced with cardboard to hold various textiles
Twist Per Inch: measures how much twist a yarn has, and can be calculated by counting the number of twists in an inch of yarn.
Yarn: is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles
Nomex: is the brand name of a flame retardant meta-aramid material marketed and first discovered by DuPont in the 1970s. It is sold in both fiber and sheet forms and is used as a fabric wherever resistance from heat and flame is required.
Kevlar: is a para-aramid synthetic fibre having a tensile strength five times that of steel.
Polyester: a synthetic resin in which the polymer units are linked by ester groups, used chiefly to make synthetic textile fibers
Abrasion Resistance: is the ability of a fabric to resist surface wear caused by flat rubbing contact with another material.
Wire Harnessing: a system of insulated conducting wires bound together with insulating materials, used in the electrical system of machinery
Overbraiding: textiles used to secure electrical wiring or hoses. Applied with braiding machines, weaving machines or looms.
Solution Dyed: Also known as (dope dyed). Colorant is added to polymer melt in the spin extruder.
Yarn Dyed: Commonly called ( bath dyed). Yarn is dyed in batch after yarn is produced.
Bonded: Textiles bonded together by chemical, mechanical, heat or solvent treatment.
Unbonded: Textiles which have not been bonded together, untreated.
Tracer: A textile yarn identification to depict a difference from standard form or color
Ends: A textile term to determine the number of individual strands used.
Spool: has a flange at either end that interferes with off winding of the textile.
Flange: Spools that have a flange either end that interferes with off winding of the textile.
Aramid: Aramid fibers are a class of heat-resistant and strong synthetic fibers. They are used in aerospace and military applications, for ballistic-rated body armor fabric and ballistic composites, in bicycle tires, and as an asbestos substitute
Flame Retardant: Textiles that are naturally more resistant to fire than others through chemical treatment or manufactured fireproof fibers.
Self Extinguishing: The ability of a material to cease burning once the source of the flame has been removed.
Textile Binder: A textile material used to bundle wires together. Typically produced in a form that lays flat to the wire surface.
Rip Cord: a parallel cord of strong yarn that is situated under the jacket(s) of the Cable for the purpose of facilitating Jacket removal preparatory to Splicing or breaking out
Cable Fillers: Used to fill gaps in a cable for a more attractive appearance, to create and maintain a sequence or lay-up of components, or to add strength to a cable.